The FFTs are performed in octopus with the help of FFTW and similar packages. Before doing the actual computations, this package prepares a "plan", which means that the precise numerical strategy to be followed to compute the FFT is machine/compiler-dependent, and therefore the software attempts to figure out which is this precise strategy (see the FFTW documentation for details). This plan preparation, which has to be done for each particular FFT shape, can be done exhaustively and carefully (slow), or merely estimated. Since this is a rather critical numerical step, by default it is done carefully, which implies a longer initial initialization, but faster subsequent computations. You can change this behaviour by changing this FFTPreparePlan variable, and in this way you can force FFTW to do a fast guess or estimation of which is the best way to perform the FFT.
This is the default, and implies a longer initialization, but involves a more careful analysis
of the strategy to follow, and therefore more efficient FFTs.
This is the "fast initialization" scheme, in which the plan is merely guessed from "reasonable"
It is like fftw_measure, but considers a wider range of algorithms and often produces a
"more optimal" plan (especially for large transforms), but at the expense of several times
longer planning time (especially for large transforms).
It is like fftw_patient, but considers an even wider range of algorithms,
including many that we think are unlikely to be fast, to produce the most optimal
plan but with a substantially increased planning time.
math/fft.F90 : 245
call parse_variable(namespace, 'FFTPreparePlan', FFTW_MEASURE, fft_prepare_plan)